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Southeast New Mexico

Avery, Keith Willett
Details life history of Western artist, Keith Avery.
Baker, Wayne
The history of the Sunland Corporation, discusses the various types of peanuts, particularly the Valencia, which is grown in New Mexico, how they are processed and used, and some of the diseases which plague peanut growers. They also talk about the business aspects of the peanut industry and the affect of NAFTA and GATT.
Barg, Friedrich
Barg was taken prisoner in North Africa in 1943, was imprisoned in the United States until 1946. He spent time in Camps Roswell and Artesia.
Bogle, Clarence McKnight "Bill"
Prisoner of war camp on his family property. The POWs ran the feed mill, worked in the feedlot and alfalfa mill, and harvested cotton and alfalfa.
Boulden, Altus
Growing up prior to WWII, WWII, farming and ranching in New Mexico
Boulden, Ann
Growing up prior to WWII, WWII, farming and ranching in New Mexico
Cauhape, John P.
Details family history and sheep ranching in southeastern New Mexico.
Clemenza, Nick
Description of World War II prisoner of war camps for Italian and German prisoners at Roswell and Dexter (Bogle farm), New Mexico.
Clemmons, Jenny
Dr. Clemmons, who has a doctoral degree in counseling psychology, was an early member of the New Mexico Farm and Ranch Heritage Foundation Board. Mrs. Clemmons has worked as registrar at Eastern New Mexico University and as a consultant training student teachers. The Clemmonses have managed the family ranch—in her family since 1906—since her father's death in 1971.
Clemmons, John
Dr. Clemmons, who has a doctoral degree in counseling psychology, was an early member of the New Mexico Farm and Ranch Heritage Foundation Board. Mrs. Clemmons has worked as registrar at Eastern New Mexico University and as a consultant training student teachers. The Clemmonses have managed the family ranch—in her family since 1906—since her father's death in 1971.
Davis, L. E. (Pete)
Personal history is followed by a discussion of his work with the Farm Bureau and the founding of the New Mexico Farm and Ranch Heritage Museum (NMF&RHM).
de Maio, Michele
Dr. de Maio discusses his service as a doctor in the Italian Air Force in North Africa early in World War II, his imprisonment as a POW at Camp Hereford, Tex., and his work in an Italian Service Unit in San Pedro, Calif. Also reviews post-war period when he immigrated to the U.S. and became licensed to practice medicine in New Mexico.
Dowell, Mary E.
An Artesia resident's perspective on a nearby prisoner of war camp during World War II.
Doyal, Lois
Father's veterinarian practice in Roswell beginning in 1926. Her education was in public school and college in Silver City, N.M., and Emporia, Kan. The bulk of the interview details the consultant's experience on a cattle ranch in the Caprock area of Southeastern New Mexico, 1943-1955.
Dunlap, Ralph
Ralph Dunlap discusses his family history of homesteading on the eastern plains of New Mexico after the turn of the century. He describes his work of 30 years (1952-1982) as County Agent in Lincoln County. He worked to improve apple and wool production, and in later years worked with youth programs (4-H) and economic development. He details his involvement, as a Foundation Board member, in the founding of New Mexico Farm & Ranch Heritage Museum.
Eppers, Howard William "Bud"
Bud has been a lobbyist for the livestock industry for the state for twenty-five years. The Eppers Ranch is forty-five miles northwest of Roswell.
Fischer, William G.
Recollections of German prisoners of war working on his father's farm, south of Carlsbad, NM
Forehand, Earl Ray
Forehand family history, including settlement in New Mexico. The interview also covers the consultant's work in founding the New Mexico Farm and Ranch Heritage Museum.
Franzoy, Alexander Alfred
Use of German and Italian prisoners of war as farm laborers during World War II. Use of other types of farm labor before and after World War II. Description of the Franzoy farm when consultant's father bought the land in 1918.
Gard, Wanda
Ranching in the Clayton area during the Dust Bowl era.
Gibson, Bessie Stiles
Mrs. Bessie Gibson relates her family background and that of her husband, Jim Gibson. She tells of her childhood in Texas and New Mexico. Most of the interview focuses on her life in the Farmington, N.M., area before and after her marriage.
Gnatkowski, Janice
After a brief discussion of how her forebears came to New Mexico, the interview covers the consultant's life on the ranch from her early childhood to the present.
Grüber, Wilfried
Grúber, taken prisoner in North Africa in 1943, was imprisoned in the United States until the summer of 1946. He spent one year at Camp Roswell where he worked harvesting cotton.
Harvey, Lela
Rural living in Roswell area.
Harvey Jr., Phil
Hereford cattle business in New Mexico and the history of Harvey Herefords, Inc.
Holland, Mildred
Rural living in Clayton, N.M. during the Dust Bowl era of 1930s
Howard, Jared "Jed"
Childhood reminiscences of World War II and the prisoner of war (POW) camp located near Carlsbad. Some discussion of the relations between the European American majority and the African American and Hispanic population of the town.
Isaacs, Elizabeth
Rural life in Clayton, N.M. during Dust Bowl era.
Jones, Bill
Ranching and rural life in the early to mid-twentieth century in southwestern New Mexico. Bill Jones's family raised cattle and Panzy Courtney's parents were primarily goat ranchers. Bill and Panzy together raised cattle at Wind Mountain in far southeastern New Mexico.
Jones, Bob
Deals principally with his involvement in the founding of the New Mexico Ranch and Heritage Museum beginning with his visit to the Ranching Heritage Center in Lubbock, Texas. It also covers how his family, beginning with his great-grandparents, came to this area.
Jones, Panzy
Ranching and rural life in the early to mid-twentieth century in southwestern New Mexico. Bill Jones's family raised cattle and Panzy Courtney's parents were primarily goat ranchers. Bill and Panzy together raised cattle at Wind Mountain in far southeastern New Mexico.
Jones, R. C. "Punch"
Jones discusses his sheep and cattle business in Eastern New Mexico.
Lovelace, F. Roe
Sheep and cattle ranching in southern New Mexico.
Malone, S. Cooper
Recollections of a farmer whose family employed Germans prisoners of war as farm laborers during World War II.
Meier, Maydelle
Meier discusses her work as a Victory Farm Volunteer in Portales, N.M. during World War II. She recounts work for the Red Cross doing recreational activities for American soldiers in the U.S., and for about five years overseas. She discusses her teaching career and the operation of a small farm near Bosque Farms, N.M.
Montoya, Lauro Raymond Fresquez
Memories of Lauro Montoya Jr. and Lauro Montoya Sr. of prisoners of war in Tularosa, N.M., during World War II.
Nalda, Jean Baptiste
Sheep and cattle ranch management in southeastern New Mexico (Roswell area) from the perspective of a Basque immigrant ranch manager; his family and life experience from 1913 to 2000.
Nelson, Morgan
Details the use of German prisoners of war on his parents' farm in East Grand Plains during World War II. The family maintained contact with one German prisoner of war, and visited him in Germany in the 1970s. Also discussed the Pecos River Bridge.
O'Bannon, Royal
Rural ranch life in the Artesia area.
Parsons, Bob
Bob Parsons's teenage memories of Fort Sumner prisoner of war camp and impressions of the prisoners. Eileen Parsons's and Doyle Cozzens's childhood memories of their father's service at Fort Stanton as a guard for *Columbus* crew internees.
Parsons, Eileen
Bob Parsons's teenage memories of Fort Sumner prisoner of war camp and impressions of the prisoners. Eileen Parsons's and Doyle Cozzens's childhood memories of their father's service at Fort Stanton as a guard for *Columbus* crew internees.
Patterson, Emmett Knight
Patterson was a farmer/rancher and a bank employee at Roswell, N.M., during World War II. He employed German prisoners of war to plant and pick onions on his farmland southeast of Roswell. The prisoners and guards came from Orchard Park POW camp near Roswell. Patterson describes rationing during World War II and discusses various sources of farm labor.
Petty, Dale
Brief personal, family, and farm history. The majority of the interview details the consultant's work in founding the New Mexico Farm & Ranch Heritage Museum.
Pfingsten, Fred "Peg"
Life experiences as a manager of big New Mexican ranches, and operating his own smaller one. Also his involvement with various farm agencies in the state.
Poethig, Hans Rudoph
Former German prisoners of war who were detained in New Mexico during World War II. Schmid was held at Camp Las Cruces and worked primarily picking cotton. Poethig was held at the Orchard Park prisoner of war camp near Roswell, N.M. As a non-commissioned officer, Poethig volunteered as a detail leader of POWs working as agricultural laborers.
Pounds, Lonnie Courtney "Buck"
Covers consultant's life as a farmer, grocery store owner, butcher, and horse trader.
Sanders, Bobbie
Touches on childhood in Arizona and the return to New Mexico after involvement in a dispute between homesteaders and cattlemen. Relates childhood experiences on the family farm in Portales and helping with harvest of sorghum and broomcorn. Relates experiences as a teacher in rural New Mexico schools between 1937 and 1979. Mentions her husband's Civilian Conservation Corps work and her experience as wife of a serviceman during World War II.
Schmid, Walter
Former German prisoners of war who were detained in New Mexico during World War II. Schmid was held at Camp Las Cruces and worked primarily picking cotton. Poethig was held at the Orchard Park prisoner of war camp near Roswell, N.M. As a non-commissioned officer, Poethig volunteered as a detail leader of POWs working as agricultural laborers.
Sharp, Dwight L.
Describes German prisoner of war labor on his parents' farm.
Shearer, Jimmie
The history of the Sunland Corporation, discusses the various types of peanuts, particularly the Valencia, which is grown in New Mexico, how they are processed and used, and some of the diseases which plague peanut growers. They also talk about the business aspects of the peanut industry and the affect of NAFTA and GATT.
Silva, L.F. "Chano"
Construction of Fort Sumner Army Airfield. Opinion of value of prisoner of war labor. Incident with Japanese POWs (Texas).
Sisneros, George S.
Farming and ranching in the area around Arabela, N.M.
Solt, Betty Sims
This interview provides background information and context for the interview recorded by George E. Sims in 1983 [in the Rio Grande Historical Collections, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, N.M.]. The consultant's involvement in high school and college rodeo in the 1950s.
Stout, Paul
Details Paul Stout's service on the New Mexico Farm and Ranch Heritage Foundation, and briefly his family history and thoughts on technological innovations in farming.
Sultemeier, Peggy
Sheep ranching in various locales in New Mexico.
Treat, Antony "Tony"
Details family history of ranching in southeastern New Mexico from 1903 to 1995.
Vinzant, Willie G.
The consultant details his experiences in using horse-drawn agricultural equipment. Also discussed was the consultant's role as the Roosevelt County Agent during World War II when he administered the prisoner of war (POW) labor program.
Walker, Chester
Transportation of prisoners of war from Camp Orchard Park and Camp Carlsbad to area farmers during World War II. Transportation of laborers contracted through the Bracero Program following WWII and into the 1960s.
Walker, Helen
Transportation of prisoners of war from Camp Orchard Park and Camp Carlsbad to area farmers during World War II. Transportation of laborers contracted through the Bracero Program following WWII and into the 1960s.
Watson, Donald W.
Use of Italian and German prisoners of war on parents' farm and in their dairy during World War II. Additionally they discussed the move from horse-drawn farm equipment and extensive hand labor to mechanized farming.
Watson, Farrell L.
Use of Italian and German prisoners of war on parents' farm and in their dairy during World War II. Additionally they discussed the move from horse-drawn farm equipment and extensive hand labor to mechanized farming.
Webb, Harlan
Webb discusses his family life and his saddle making business.
West, James W. (Jake)
Memories of high school days during World War II. Collected airbase food scraps for hog feed. Direct contact with German POWs; indirect contact with Italian POWs employed in agriculture. Family sacrifices during World War II; three of Mr. West's brothers were servicemen; one of the three was killed in the war.
White III, J. Phelps
Details the history of the Littlefield and White families and the establishment of farms and ranches in eastern New Mexico. Includes personal history and his association with the founding of the New Mexico Farm and Ranch Heritage Museum. Tape three is a discussion of prisoner of war labor on consultant's family's ranch and farm during World War II.
Wilbanks, Druella
Personal and family history of Taylor family, homesteaders in Eastern New Mexico in 1907. Discusses the consultant's involvement with the Cowbelles, including her role as state president of the organization, and her duties as a member of the New Mexico Farm & Ranch Heritage Foundation board of directors.
Yriart, Martin
Sheep ranching in Southeast New Mexico.